ABMS (American Board of Medical Specialties)
The umbrella organization under which 24 certifying medical boards function in the U.S. The main purpose of the ABMS is to organize information about medical specialties and certification in medicine, and to distribute this information to the public, government, and the medical profession.
The flap of skin and cartilage covering each nostril.
The border of the nostrils.
The wing-shaped connective tissue comprising the tip of the nose.
Alar ( base) Reduction
The procedure to narrow the width of the nostrils and Ala.
General or local insensibility, as to pain and other sensation, induced by certain interventions or drugs to permit the performance of surgery or other painful procedure. There are three types: general, regional, and local.
Lacking symmetry; parts of the body are not identical on both sides.
Board Certified Surgeon
A surgeon who has completed the required course of study and an accredited residency, along with successfully passing the examination given by the certifying board.
A misshapen nasal tip.
Cartilage is that structure in your body that is firm like bone, but is more flexible and can bend and take different shapes. Your ear is made up of cartilage. The nose is composed primarily of cartilage NOT bone. The 3 nasal cartilages are Septal cartilage, Upper Lateral Cartilage, Lower Lateral Cartilage.
The partition between the two nostrils that can be grasped between thumb and forefinger.
State-of-the-art technology which enables a patient to preview the potential result of a procedure. A patient’s image appears on a computer screen and is then ‘morphed’ until the desired result is achieved. While computer imaging is certainly helpful, it is not an exact replication of the potential surgical result.
Conscious or IV (Intravenous) Sedation
An anesthetic approach which allows the patient to be unaware of pain without placing him/her under full, general anesthesia.
The enhancement or beautification of specific body or facial parts. Cosmetic surgery typically does not include reconstruction or restoration except in specific cases, such as rhinoplasty where both form (ie removal of bump, etc.) and function (ie breathing, etc.) can be addressed.
The dense inner layer of skin that lies just below the epidermis, composed of connective tissue, blood and lymph vessels, sweat glands, hair follicles, and an elaborate sensory nerve network. The dermis protects the body from mechanical injury, binds water, stores water, maintains temperature, and carries nerves to detect sensation and feeling.
The bridge of the nose.
Referring to the dorsum.
A bump on the bridge of the nose.
The procedure to remove or reduce the appearance of a bump on the bridge of the nose.
The surgery to reshape the nose which is performed through internal nasal incisions.
A sterile video instrument allowing a surgeon to see inside of the body through small, limited incisions.
A surgical procedure involving the use of an endoscope, a sterile video instrument which allows the surgeon to see inside of the body through small, limited incisions. An example of an endoscopic procedure is the forehead or brow lift.
The outer, nonvascular, nonsensitive layer of the skin which contains no nerves or blood vessels. The epidermis acts as a seal against the environment while exerting some control over the amount of moisture lost to the environment.
Abnormal redness of the skin due to local congestion, as in inflammation.
Facial Plastic Surgeon
A surgeon specializing in cosmetic and/or reconstructive surgery of the head and neck only. Facial plastic surgeons are typically board certified in otolaryngology (ear, nose, and throat – ENT), as well as being certified by the American Board of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, an ABMS equivalent board.
An anesthetic approach which allows the patient to be put into a careful and controlled state of unconsciousness for the duration of a procedure.
Relating to a gland.
A circumscribed collection of blood, usually clotted, in a tissue or organ, caused by a break in a blood vessel. This can occur as a result of abnormal post-operative bleeding.
A profuse discharge of blood, as from a ruptured blood vessel.
A form of scar which is red, raised, and itchy.
The cutting into skin or body tissue.
Informed Consent refers to the signing of forms which legally allow a surgery to proceed, and assumes that the patient has read about and understands the events, risks, and complications that can occur as a result of surgery.
A surgical procedure requiring the patient to stay overnight in a hospital.
An abnormal proliferation of scar tissue, as on the site of a surgical incision.
A form of anesthetic directly injected into the site of the surgery, causing numbness to that area.
Lower lateral cartilage
The cartilages that makes up the lower third ( tip) of the nose. The LLC are paired, one for each side of the nose.
Of, pertaining to, or affecting the jaws and the face; as in maxillofacial surgery.
A doctor who treats injuries, abnormalities, and diseases of the face and jaw.
Tiny cysts in the skin which can result from blocked pores or from suture tracks.
Actually the very small paired nasal bones that comprise just the tip of the bony nasal component ( the remainder of that coming from the maxillary bone). Used typically, however, to refer to the entire bony nose.
The small skin “step” separating the upper lip with the nostril.
The tip of the nose. The lower one third of the nose, composed of the paired lower lateral cartilages.
The valley or recessed area, seen on profile, that is just below the eyebrows and is considered to be where the nose “starts”. Ideally it should be at the same level as the tips of the upper eyelashes. It corresponds to the nasofrontal suture line.
Nasofrontal Suture Line
The junction of the frontal bone (the forehead bone) and the nasal bones. It is a horizontal line that lies at the base of the valley or recessed area, seen on a skeletal profile, that is just below the forehead bone and just above the insertion of the nasal bones into the forehead bone.
The skin crease extending from the edge of the nose to the corner of the mouth.
Slang for rhinoplasty, the refining and reshaping of the nose.
The paired holes in the nose in which air passes in and out when breathing.
The condition in which the nostrils are very visible on frontal view.
The procedure to refine and/or reshape the nose through the use of traditional incisions within the nostrils combined with one incision on the outside of the skin across the columella. Open rhinoplasty allows the surgeon to lift the skin of the nose away from the nasal cartilages, thus allowing greater exposure, and is often preferred for more complex procedures and secondary procedures.
Cuts made in the nasal bones such that the bones can be made mobile. This allows the bones to be moved in or out to narrow or widen a nose respectively. Osteotomies are also performed to reshape a broken or twisted nose.
The vertical groove above the upper lip, below the septum of the nose.
A surgeon dealing with the repair or replacement of malformed, injured, or lost organs or tissues of the body, chiefly by the transplant of living tissues. Plastic surgeons are certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery – an ABMS (American Board of Medical Specialties) member board.
The branch of surgery dealing with the repair or replacement of malformed, injured, or lost organs or tissues of the body, chiefly by the transplant of living tissues.
Also known as post-op; the term used to refer to the period of time following an operation or surgical procedure.
Also known as pre-op; the term used to refer to the period of time prior to an operation or surgical procedure.
The distance between the tip of the nose and the facial plane. See associated term rotation.
The term for a variety of instruments used to remove the bump on the nasal bridge; the action of removing the nasal bridge bump.
A nerve block placed in position to numb an entire area, leaving a patient awake but free of pain. Examples include spinals for joint surgery, epidurals for Caesarian sections, and eye blocks for cataract surgery.
Rhinoplasty (Nose Reshaping)
The procedure to refine and/or reshape the nose, often to alter the size and shape of the bridge and/or tip of the nose. Incisions may be confined to the inside of the nose or may be done in conjunction with an incision across the columella, or the central portion on the underside of the nose between the nostrils.
Rotation refers to the position of the tip relative to the upper lip. A “rotated tip” is pushed away from the upper lip, as can be done by gently pushing your tip up with your finger. (Too much rotation causes excessive nostril show.) A counter-rotated tip brings the tip closer to the lip, as occurs when the tip of the nose is pushed toward the upper lip. An ideal tip is slightly rotated up.
Abbreviation for Sub Mucous Resection, which is performed during nasal surgery to relieve breathing difficulties associated with a deviated septum.
A permanent mark left on the skin by a healed wound, sore, or burn.
Various techniques including surgical revision, steroid injection, and abrasion, meant to improve the appearance and/or orientation of a scar.
The surgical procedure to correct defects and deformities of the nasal septum (the partition between the nostrils).
The partition between the right and left nasal cavities.
The collection of fluid (serum) in a surgical wound.
The side of the nose above the alae.
A mass or layer of dead tissue separated from the surrounding or underlying tissue; a loss of tissue caused by death from lack of circulation.
Meaning under the skin.
The depression just above the tip of the nose, that separates the nasal dorsum with the tip of the nose.
A joining of the edges of a wound or the like by stitching or some similar process; sutures are more commonly known as ‘stitches’.
The organ inside of the nose (one on each side) which humidifies, filters, and warms inspired air. When too large, the turbinates can actually be responsible for causing nasal obstruction.
A form of anesthesia leaving the patient in a relaxed and sedated state in which they do not lose consciousness but remember very little of the procedure.
Upper lateral Cartilage
Triangular shaped cartilages attached to the nasal bones above and the nasal septum in the midline.
The area inside the nose, just inside the nostril.
The loss of pigmentation in the skin.